Ever since the introduction of the Green Revolution in the 1960s, our country has only seen growth and development in the agricultural sector. India has been the largest producer of wheat and grain since the early 9000 BCE and today we are equipped with one of the world’s largest agricultural production of pulses, rice, wheat, sugarcane, vegetables, cotton, fruits, plantation crops, and many more.
With the development and increase of agricultural practices and production in our country, many sectors and jobs have branched out from it over the years.
What is agriculture?
Agriculture is the process of raising plants and animals with the purpose of supplying food and other necessities to people. One of the main developments in the emergence of the sedentary human lifestyle has been agriculture. The majority of people living in rural areas rely mostly on agriculture for their income.
One of the most popular and useful agricultural courses in India is the bachelor of science in agriculture and we will discuss everything you need to know about this degree in this article.
MODERN AGRICULTURE AND ITS DEVELOPMENTS:-
The way modern farms and agricultural enterprises operate nowadays differs greatly from how they did a few decades ago, largely due to technological developments and the adaptation of modern methods by the agricultural industries. Robots, temperature and moisture sensors, aerial photographs, and GPS technology are all frequently used in modern agriculture. Businesses can become more successful, productive, safe, and environmentally friendly thanks to this cutting-edge equipment, robotic systems, and precise agriculture techniques.
Some of the most recent marvels of agricultural technology include Robotic Bees and Drones, Blockchain Technology, Vertical Farming, Genetic editing, and lastly genetically modified crops (GM crops)- that help in making various crops like corn, cotton, potato, papaya, sugar beet and many more into a genetically modified version which is more nutritious, less prone to pesticides and cheaper than the original crop.
ABOUT B.Sc. AGRICULTURE:-
Bachelor of science in agriculture (BSAg) or Bachelor in Agriculture (BAg) is a undergraduate degree of 4 years that prepares a student for a career in various agricultural specialties. It is a credit based semester system in India. It is a professionally accredited degree program that may be taken at any Indian college or university and is a government-registered course under the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR).
It focuses on the study of agricultural science and subjects that are related to it. The study of contemporary, scientific agricultural principles, which will aid in raising agricultural productivity, is included in the course syllabus.
Students who are science majors in high school and have a talent for agriculture and its sciences may decide to pursue a bachelor’s degree in agriculture. The B.Sc. in Agriculture program provides students with in-depth instruction in the field of agro-based industries and the rapidly developing technology within them.
A minimum cumulative score of 50% from a recognized board in the fields of physics, chemistry, biology, and mathematics is required for admission to the agriculture college in mp. The candidate must also have finished English, which is a prerequisite language. A minimum age of 17 is required for applicants to the B.Sc. Agriculture program.
AVERAGE FEES in India varies between 7,000-40,000 rupees. However it also depends on individual university in Bhopal.
B.Sc. AGRICULTURE SYLLABUS INCLUDES SEVERAL TOPICS LIKE:
- Soil Science
- Agricultural Engineering
- Agriculture Economics
- Plant Genetics, etc.
During the 4 years of academic study, some of the fields covered by this discipline are Agronomy, Agricultural Biotechnology, Agricultural Microbiology, Horticulture, Plant Pathology, Entomology, Agricultural Economics, Extension instruction, Genetics, and Plant Breeding, Soil Science, Food Technology, Soil Microbiology, Food Microbiology, and Animal Husbandry.
ESSENTIAL THINGS LEARNED IN THE COURSE:-
- Understand about plant and/or animal biology, and the importance of biotechnology.
- Investigate environmentally friendly methods of managing land utilized in the production of food, clothing, fuel, and other consumer goods.
- Develop hands-on expertise by utilizing a vast network of plant and animal research facilities.
- Utilize your knowledge and abilities by working on real-world projects and case studies that investigate challenges confronting industry, government, and environmental organizations.
JOBS AFTER B.Sc. AGRICULTURE:
Employers in the FMCG, dairy, food processing, fertilizer, and other industries hire B.Sc. agriculture graduates for jobs such as Plant Breeder, Food Inspector, Farm Manager, and Research Scientist, among others. A B.Sc. Agriculture graduates can expect to earn between INR 3,00,000 and INR 6,00,000 per year after completing their graduation from agriculture college in bhopal and India. Some other jobs one can get after completing B.Sc. agriculture are:-
- Research officer.
- Operation manager.
- Agriculture officer.
- Marketing officer.
- Production manager.
- Quality assurance officer.
- District horticultural officer.
- Range forest officer.
- Assistance conservator.
- Agriculture loan officer.
- In government food processing units.
SOME JOBS AFTER B.SC AGRICULTURE WITH AVERAGE SALARY PER ANNUM :-
- Agriculture Analyst – 4.2 lakhs
- Agricultural Officer- 9 lakhs
- Marketing Executive-3.5 lakhs
- JRF/SRF- 2 lakhs
- ICAR Scientist- 7 lakhs
- Project Associate- 4.2 lakhs
- Agriculture Sales Officer- 4.8 lakhs
- Animal Breeder- 4 lakhs
- Research Assistant- 3 lakhs
- Plant Breeder- 7.7 lakhs
- Agriculture Technician- 3.5 lakhs
- Seed Technologist- 3 lakhs
With 42 State, 3 Central, and 5 Deemed Agriculture Universities, India boasts one of the largest agricultural education systems in the world.
As you’ve just read, agriculture is a global industry that is always evolving technologically. With affordable tuition costs and a wide range of employment opportunities, India’s agriculture industry has a strong demand for workers. If you have a liking for agriculture and its many practices, you cannot go wrong with this course.For a fulfilling career in agriculture, one can check out the best agriculture college in MP.